Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV) -

What You Need to Know

Learn how our tests work!

What is FPV?


Feline panleukopenia virus is a deadly and contagious virus found all over the world, including the USA. In the past, FPV was very common, however, thanks to available vaccines it is much less abundant today. Nevertheless, because not all cats receive the vaccine, FPV still infects many cats. Often, Infected cats have a very violent disease characterized by diarrhea, fever, weakness, and vomiting. Often, FPV leads to death. The American Veterinary Medical Association states that FPV is most common in cats ages 5-8 months, who are most likely to die by the virus. Cats with FPV show similar symptoms to other common cat viruses, such as Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV), making it hard to diagnose without a lab test


How is FPV transmitted?

FPV is produced and shed by sick cats. Shed virus, which can be found in blood, urine, feces, and saliva can infect other cats. In contrast with other viruses, FPV lasts up to 2 years in the environment, making water, food, bedding, and other surfaces highly infectious. Virtually all cats and kittens will be exposed to this virus in their lifetime. New cats and unvaccinated cats must not be allowed into new homes without testing for FPV to prevent infections to other cats.  

Is my cat at risk?


Because FPV is so resilient, and because most cats will encounter the virus during their lifetime, all unvaccinated cats are at risk. Cats without vaccination records, feral cats, or outdoor cats should be regarded as high risk. Outdoor cats with contact with other cats, aggressive cats, and mothers should be tested. 


How often should I test my cat for FIV?


If your cat has not been vaccinated, or you do not know whether they were vaccinated, you should test your cats as soon as possible. If you are introducing a new cat to a household with cats, make sure to test for FPV prior to bringing the new cat home! Unvaccinated cats should be tested every 6 months


What makes CatDX testing unique?


Since FPV can be found and is transmitted by saliva, CatDX tests for the presence of the virus directly in the Saliva. Our test is capable of detecting a low number of viruses, ensuring an accurate and affordable result. The relative ease of collecting saliva allows you to test for FPV without having to visit your local vet. While the affordable price allows you to test your cat as often as you would like.


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